A copy of the Complete Works of Shakespeare that inspired Nelson Mandela while he was in prison in South Africa is to go on display in London.
The edition, which was smuggled into the Robben Island jail, includes notes added by Mandela and other prisoners it was shared with.
The book, dubbed the Robben Island Bible, will be part of an exhibition celebrating the playwright.
Shakespeare: Staging the World opens at the British Museum on 19 July.
The book has a cover featuring Hindu deities from Diwali greetings cards, a disguise designed to trick the prison wardens.
The passage Mandela chose as his favourite was from Julius Caesar, just before the Roman statesman leaves for the senate on the Ides of March.
It includes the lines: “Cowards die many times before their deaths/The valiant never taste of death but once.”
Mandela was imprisoned for 27 years during the apartheid years before being released in 1990.
He went on to become the country’s first black president.
The Shakespeare book was smuggled in by fellow prisoner Sonny Venkatrathnam.
The exhibition is part of the World Shakespeare Festival, under the umbrella of the London 2012 Festival.
It will feature almost 200 objects, including an Ides of March coin commissioned by Brutus shortly after the assassination of Caesar in 44 BC.
A number of items excavated from the sites of the Globe and Rose theatres in London, where Shakespeare’s plays were performed during his lifetime, will also be shown.
Nelson Mandela digital archive launched Read More Here
Julius Caesar and Nelson Mandela
You could be forgiven for thinking that William Shakespeare and Nelson Mandela, have absolutely nothing in common.
They come from different historical times, different countries and different cultures. However it was a copy of The Complete Works of William Shakespeare, in particular a passage from Julius Caesar, that spoke to Mandela during one of the darkest times in his life – his imprisonment on Robben Island for his part in the uprising against Apartheid in South Africa.
The copy of the book, known as ‘The Robben Island Bible’ first made its way on to the island with political prisoner Sonny Venkatrathnam, who could only own one book during his imprisonment. Being a former English student he chose The Complete Works of William Shakespeare.
Unfortunately as the environment in the prison worsened, the book was taken away from Venkatrathnam by prison guards and locked in a storeroom. In a sheer stroke of luck, one Sunday during the weekly prayer service, one of the guards ordered Sonny to go and get his Bible.
Quick thinking Venkatrathnam answered that he had left it in the storeroom. He was allowed in to get this misplaced Bible and instead grabbed his copy of The Complete Works. He explained to the warden that it was his ‘Bible’ by William Shakespeare.’ The God fearing wardens who could not understand the text written in Shakespearean English let him keep the book.
The ‘Bible’ was passed between inmates during the 1970’s, all of whom treasured the book and each signed their favourite passages with initials and a date. The book was signed a total of 32 times by prisoners, who highlighted passages and quotes that they found meaningful and profound. They now offer us an insight into how the words of Shakespeare resonated with these men who were imprisoned for campaigning for an equal South Africa.
The passage which spoke to Mandela and signed M, December 16th 1977 was from Shakespeare’s Julius Caesar ‘Cowards die many times before their deaths; The valiant never taste of death but once. Of all the wonders that I yet have heard. It seems to me most strange that men should fear; Seeing that death, a necessary end, Will come when it will come.’
Venkatrathnam who still owns the book has, to this day, refused numerous offers from people wanting to buy the priceless piece of history that is the ‘Robben Island Bible’. Read More about RSC Production of Julius Caesar Here & Here
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Julius Caesar Trailer 2012 Shakespeare Company
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What the Audience Thinks RSC
The Vibes of March RSC in 60 Seconds